Tutorial Python Request: Module, Get & Post Request using Python [with Code Example]

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Welcome to our Python Request tutorial! As seasoned programmers, we know that making HTTP requests using Python can be a daunting task, especially if you’re new to the game. But fret not! Python Request is a module that simplifies the entire process, allowing you to retrieve data from APIs, download files, and interact with webpages with ease.

With this tutorial, we will guide you through the basics of Python Request, including how to perform Get and Post requests using Python. We want you to have a solid understanding of the module, so we’ll be providing you with code examples to make things crystal clear.

So buckle up, get your coding fingers ready, and let’s dive into the world of Python Request!

Introduction to Python Request

Well hello there, fellow Python enthusiasts! Today, we’re going to dive into the world of Python Request, a powerful module that allows us to send HTTP requests using Python. Whether you’re a seasoned developer or just getting started, Python Request is a must-have in your toolkit. Trust us, you won’t regret it!

What is Python Request?

Python Request is a handy-dandy module that simplifies the process of making requests to a server and handling the responses. It’s like having a personal assistant that does all the hard work for you while you sit back and relax (well, sort of). With Python Request, you can easily retrieve data from APIs, download files, and interact with web pages. It’s like magic!

Why do we need Python Request?

Let’s face it, making HTTP requests can be tedious, especially when you have to deal with things like handling cookies, setting headers, and managing authentication. Python Request takes care of all those things for you, so you can focus on the fun stuff like analyzing data or building some cool web applications. Basically, it makes our lives easier and we’re all about that.

So now that we’ve established why Python Request is awesome and necessary, let’s jump into the key functions of the module.

Key Functions of Python Request

Now that we have introduced you to the Python Request module, it’s time to dive into the key functions that make it so powerful.

Get and Post Requests

The two most commonly used functions in Python Request are Get and Post requests. A Get request is used to retrieve data from a server, while a Post request is used to send data to a server. With Python Request, performing these requests is a breeze.

To perform a Get request, we simply need to provide the URL of the server we want to retrieve data from. Python Request will take care of the rest. We can also include optional parameters to fine-tune our request.

On the other hand, performing a Post request involves sending data to a server. This data can be in the form of a JSON payload, form data, or even a file. Python Request allows us to easily specify the data we want to send and the content type of the payload.


Headers are an important part of HTTP requests. They allow us to provide additional information to the server, such as our user agent or authentication credentials. Python Request allows us to specify headers for our requests by using the headers parameter.

Status Codes

HTTP responses typically come with a status code that indicates whether the request was successful or not. Python Request allows us to access this status code by using the status_code attribute of the response object.

We can also check for specific status codes using the built-in status code constants, such as requests.codes.ok for a successful response.

Code StatusMeaning
200OKThe request was successful, and the server has returned the requested data
201CreatedThe request was successful, and a new resource was created on the server
204 No ContentThe request was successful, but there is no additional information to send back (often used in DELETE requests)
400 Bad RequestThe server could not understand the request due to malformed syntax or invalid parameters
401 Unauthorized: invalidThe request requires user authentication or the authentication provided was
403ForbiddenThe server understood the request, but the server refuses to authorize it
404 Not FoundThe requested resource could not be found on the server
405 Method Not Allowed
The requested HTTP method is not allowed for the specified resource.
406 Not Acceptable: The server cannot produce a response matching the list of acceptable values defined in the request’s headers
415 Unsupported Media TypeThe server does not support the request’s media type
500 Internal Server ErrorThe server encountered an error while processing the request
502 Bad GatewayThe server, while acting as a gateway or proxy, received an invalid response from an upstream server it accessed in attempting to fulfill the request.
503 Service UnavailableThe server is currently unable to handle the request due to temporary overloading or maintenance of the server.

With these key functions, Python Request makes it easy to perform HTTP requests in Python.

Code Example: Performing a Get Request in Python

Now that we understand the basics of Python Request, let’s dive into how to perform a simple Get request using the module. Trust us, it’s a piece of cake!

Step 1:

Let’s start by importing the Python Request module. Here’s an example:

import requests

Step 2:

The next step is to provide the URL from which we want to retrieve data. Here’s an example:

url = 'https://www.example.com'

Step 3:

Now that we have the URL, we can use the Get function to retrieve data from the server. Here’s an example:

response = requests.get(url)

That’s it! We have successfully performed a Get request using Python Request. Now we can access the content of the response using the text or content attribute of the response object.

Extra Tip:

If you want to pass parameters with your request, you can simply pass a dictionary containing the parameters to the params attribute of the Get function. Here’s an example:

params = {'key1': 'value1', 'key2': 'value2'}
response = requests.get(url, params=params)

See, we told you it was easy peasy! Now go ahead and try it out yourself!

Tutorial to Get Status using Request

import requests

url = "https://api.example.com/data"
response = requests.get(url)

if response.status_code == 200:
    print("Request was successful!")
    data = response.json()  # Assuming the response contains JSON data
    # Process the data...
elif response.status_code == 404:
    print("Resource not found.")
    print(f"Request failed with status code: {response.status_code}")

Tutorial Get Variable Data using Request

import requests

url = "https://api.example.com/data"
response = requests.get(url)

if response.status_code == 200:
    data = response.json()  # Parse JSON data
    print(data)  # Print the JSON data
    print(f"Request failed with status code: {response.status_code}")

Tutorial Post Variable to Server through Python Request

import requests

url = "https://api.example.com/submit"
data = {"param1": "value1", "param2": "value2"}  # Define your POST data here

response = requests.post(url, data=data)

if response.status_code == 200:
    result = response.json()  # Assuming the response contains JSON data
    # Process the result...
    print(f"Request failed with status code: {response.status_code}")


And there you have it! We hope this tutorial has provided you with a solid introduction to the Python Request module. By now, you should have a clear understanding of how to perform Get and Post requests using Python. We’re sure you’ll agree that Python Request is a powerful and versatile tool for interacting with web-related tasks.

Remember, the code examples provided are just the beginning of your journey with Python Request. There is so much more to explore and experiment with. With a bit of creativity and imagination, you can use Python Request to build amazing applications that interact with APIs, download files, and perform other web-related functions with ease.

So what are you waiting for?

Get out there and start tinkering with Python Request! We can’t wait to see what you come up with.

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